The Danube Delta, on the border between Romania and Ukraine, is outstanding in Europe due to its size (over 500,000 ha), intact river dynamics, unexploited coastline (shaped by the Danube River and the Black Sea), wide horizons and large-scale landscapes without significant infrastructure.
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It also has the largest reed beds in the world, in addition to millions of nesting and migrating birds, some of them rare or even globally endangered.
The unique Letea Forest woodland savannah on the Romanian side, is one of very few “primeval” woodlands of the country, with trees up to 700 years of age. Its mosaic-woodland savannah habitat is unique in Europe, created by many centuries of grazing from wild-living, large herbivores together with climate and soil conditions. The Letea area is, together with the Caraorman area, perhaps two of the rarest remaining naturally half-open habitats of our continent. Quite possibly, large areas of Europe once upon a time looked something similar.
Through the designation as UNESCO Biosphere Reserves by both the Romanian and Ukrainian governments, with strictly protected core areas, the delta enjoys a relatively high level of protection. Buffer and economic zones around these also provide opportunities for local developments without jeopardizing the natural values.