Alpine grasslands in the Tarku mountains Natura 2000 site, Southern Carpathians, Romania, Rewilding Europe site

Vision and objectives

Within the borders of these three existing parks, one of the main goals is to establish a wilderness area of at least 100,000 ha by 2020, managed according to wilderness principles, with core and transition zones governed mainly by natural processes. Missing species will be reintroduced. Local names of villages, rivers and mountains show that the European bison and beaver once lived here, and specific efforts will be made to bring them back. By creating large hunting-free zones, numbers of deer and chamois in particular will be allowed to grow, which within a short timeframe will also benefit hunting interests in the surrounding areas. With much more wildlife in the area, the attraction value of the region will increase.

In the surrounding communities, the development of a new economy based on wild values and sustainable use of natural resources will be supported. Entrepreneurial individuals and groups will be assisted to set up conservation enterprises. The possible development of a Wilderness Revolving Investment Fund will be discussed together with relevant companies and Romanian banks.

Together with representatives from communities, the three regions, the tourism sector, local entrepreneurs and NGOs, a new vision for the region’s future will be developed with emphasis on the values of wild nature and what they can bring for local development, branding and marketing. This will put the Southern Carpathians on the European map as a region where local hardships have been transformed into better prosperity and hope, to serve as inspiration also for other parts of Romania and beyond.