Red deer, Cervus elaphus, Bieszczady Mountains, Poland

Conservation setting

Eastern Carpathians - the triangle area between Poland, Slovakia and Ukraine - is one of the wildest corners of Europe: vast, extensive forests with untamed rivers, low undulating mountains with scattered alpine meadows, and pockets of old-growth forests. Here one of Europe’s largest wild-living population of bison lives side by side with red deer, roe deer, wild boar, lynx, wolves, bears, beavers and otters. Few other regions of the continent have more protected areas than the Eastern Carpathians (in total around half a million ha of national parks, biosphere reserves, forest reserves, landscape parks, nature parks and Natura 2000 sites).